Acne & Eczema
Acne is common and can be embarrassing, especially to teens. It can even lead to permanent scarring if not addressed. About 4 out of every 5 people experience acne outbreaks between the ages of 11 and 30.
What Causes Acne?
Acne starts in the skin's oil glands that are within our hair follicles. That hair and oil can sometimes plug a follicle or "pore". That creates the perfect condition for bacteria to thrive and lead to pain, redness, swelling, and pus (a pimple). Hormone levels that go up during puberty change the nature of the pore and oil. Because of this increase, acne is most common in adolescents and young adults.
Treatment & Prevention
People with acne should avoid certain perfumed or oily cosmetics or treatments. Look for creams and lotions labeled "noncomedogenic" which are less likely to clog pores. While there are plenty of home remedies for acne, it's better to start with proven over-the-counter treatments for mild acne. These products can contain benzoyl peroxide, adapalene, and salicylic acid.
People who have acne that is difficult to control should discuss prescription drug options with a doctor.
What is Eczema?
Eczema is a common skin condition with dry, itching skin and is also called dermatitis. Most types cause rashes on the face, inside the elbows and behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Scratching the skin can cause it to turn red, and to swell and itch even more.
Eczema is not contagious. Eczema has many causes, and is not always allergic. It is likely caused by both genetic and environmental factors. Eczema may get better or worse over time, and is common in infancy, but doesn't always go away.
Treatment for Eczema
Treatments may include medicines, skin ointments including steroid creams, light therapy, and good skin care.
You can prevent some types of eczema by avoiding
- Things that irritate your skin, such as certain soaps, fabrics, and lotions
- Things you are allergic to, such as food, pollen, and animals
- Environmental triggers like heat, dust, and cleaning agents